How to Change Your Car Breaks


Learning how to care for your vehicle is an important step as a vehicle owner. Part of this involves learning how to change your own car brakes. Although many would believe the process to be very difficult, it you learn the proper steps to take it is not difficult at all to change brakes on your vehicle.



There are some necessary tools, that you will need to gather before you begin working. When you go to buy your car brakes and rotors, be sure to speak with someone to ensure you purchase the correct parts.

  • 3/8″ and 1/2″ Ratchet
  • 1/2″ Breaker Bar
  • 3/8″ Assorted Extensions
  • 3/8″ and 1/2″ Assorted Sockets
  • Assorted Open-Ended Wrenches
  • Assorted Torx Sockets
  • Assorted Hex Sockets
  • Assorted Reverse Torx Sockets
  • C-Clamp
  • Hydraulic Jack and Jack Stands
  • Pry Bar
  • Wire Brush
  • Gloves
  • WD-40
  • Brake Pads
  • Rotors



  1. Ensure the emergency brake is set for your protection.
  2. Put your 1/2″ breaker bar (with the correct size) on the front lug nuts and turn counter-clockwise while the car is on the ground. Loosen all of the lug nuts.
  3. Put the hydraulic jacks underneath either the frame rail or the jacking points if available. Place jack stands under the car and rest the car securely on the jack stands.
  4. Remove all of the wheels.
  5. Check the caliper for the size of the bolts. Remove them and slide the caliper out. Rest on the suspension. Do not let it hang.
  6. Remove the bolts on the rear of the hub that hold the caliper carrier on.
  7. Remove the rotor after first checking that there is no locating screw to be removed first.
  8. Use the wire brush and clean the rust of off the hub. Use the WD-40 if it is needed.
  9. When you install the rotor, be sure it stays flush by using a lug nut and an open-ended wrench. Tighten down all of the components. Make sure to use a brake cleaner or degreaser to wipe off residue from the rotor.
  10. Replace all of the carrier bolts. Use a breaker bar to tighten them down.
  11. Use a c-clamp and an old brake pad, compress the caliper piston. Make sure it is flush with the housing. Have the cap off of the brake reservoir.
  12. Install the pads in the carrier. Use anti-squeal grease on the outside of the pad. Install the caliper bolts. Make sure the caliper can move smoothly. Tighten the bolts.
  13. Put the wheels back on and tighten the lugs.
  14. Lower the car to the ground and check the lug nuts.
  15. Pump the brakes until the pressure is released.

Now that you can change brakes on your vehicle, this is one part of the car maintenance that you no longer have to go to a garage for. Following these steps will allow you to safely change your brakes and teach you to be more self-sufficient.

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